WORLD IS FLAT EBOOK
Editorial Reviews. Review. "Captivating an enthralling read. To his great credit, Friedman eBook features: Highlight, take notes, and search in the book; In this edition, page numbers are just like the physical edition; Length: pages ; Word Wise. How the World Became Flat. One: While I Was Sleeping / 3. Two: The Ten Forces That Flattened the World / Flattener#l. 11/9/ Flattener #2. 8/9/ Jan 23, This Independence Day edition of The World is Flat includes an an exclusive preview of That Used to Be Us: How America Fell Behind in the World It Invented and How We Can Come Back, by Thomas L. Friedman and Michael Mandelbaum, on sale September 5th, "One mark of a great.
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"One mark of a great book is that it makes you see things in a new way, and Mr. Friedman certainly succeeds in that goal," the Nobel laureate Joseph E. Stiglitz. This Independence Day edition of The World is Flat includes an an exclusive preview of That Used to Be Us: How America Fell Behind in the World It. Geopolitics and the Flat World. Ten: How Companies Cope. Eleven: The Unflat World. Twelve: The Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention. Conclusion: Imagination.
So their American designers could be on the screen speaking with their Indian software writers and their Asian manufacturers all at once. And maybe the implementation is in Singapore, so the Singapore person could also be live here.
That's globalization," said Nilekani. When all of these things suddenly came together around , added Nilekani, they "created a platform where intellectual work, intellectual capital, could be delivered from anywhere. It could be disaggregated, delivered, distributed, produced, and put back together again--and this gave a whole new degree of freedom to the way we do work, especially work of an intellectual nature.
And what you are seeing in Bangalore today is really the culmination of all these things coming together. At one point, summing up the implications of all this, Nilekani uttered a phrase that rang in my ear. He said to me, "Tom, the playing field is being leveled.
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America was going to be challenged, but, he insisted, the challenge would be good for America because we are always at our best when we are being challenged.
As I left the Infosys campus that evening and bounced along the road back to Bangalore, I kept chewing on that phrase: "The playing field is being leveled. I rolled that word around in my head for a while and then, in the chemical way that these things happen, it just popped out: My God, he's telling me the world is flat!
Here I was in Bangalore--more than five hundred years after Columbus sailed over the horizon, using the rudimentary navigational technologies of his day, and returned safely to prove definitively that the world was round--and one of India's smartest engineers, trained at his country's top technical institute and backed by the most modern technologies of his day, was essentially telling me that the world was flat--as flat as that screen on which he can host a meeting of his whole global supply chain.
Even more interesting, he was citing this development as a good thing, as a new milestone in human progress and a great opportunity for India and the world--the fact that we had made our world flat! In the back of that van, I scribbled down four words in my notebook: "The world is flat.
The global competitive playing field was being leveled. The world was being flattened. As I came to this realization, I was filled with both excitement and dread.
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The journalist in me was excited at having found a framework to better understand the morning headlines and to explain what was happening in the world today. Clearly Nandan was right: It is now possible for more people than ever to collaborate and compete in real time with more other people on more different kinds of work from more different corners of the planet and on a more equal footing than at any previous time in the history of the world--using computers, e-mail, fiber-optic networks, teleconferencing, and dynamic new software.
That was what I discovered on my journey to India and beyond. And that is what this book is about. When you start to think of the world as flat, or at least in the process of flattening, a lot of things make sense in ways they did not before. But I was also excited personally, because what the flattening of the world means is that we are now connecting all the knowledge centers on the planet together into a single global network, which--if politics and terrorism do not get in the way--could usher in an amazing era of prosperity, innovation, and collaboration, by companies, communities, and individuals.
But contemplating the flat world also left me filled with dread, professional and personal. My personal dread derived from the obvious fact that it's not only the software writers and computer geeks who get empowered to collaborate on work in a flat world.
It's also al-Qaeda and other terrorist networks. The playing field is not being leveled only in ways that draw in and superempower a whole new group of innovators.
It's being leveled in a way that draws in and superempowers a whole new group of angry, frustrated, and humiliated men and women. Professionally, the recognition that the world was flat was unnerving because I realized that this flattening had been taking place while I was sleeping, and I had missed it.
I wasn't really sleeping, but I was otherwise engaged.
I spent almost all my time traveling in the Arab and Muslim worlds. During those years I lost the trail of globalization. I found that trail again on my journey to Bangalore in February Once I did, I realized that something really important had happened while I was fixated on the olive groves of Kabul and Baghdad.
Globalization had gone to a whole new level. If you put The Lexus and the Olive Tree and this book together, the broad historical argument you end up with is that there have been three great eras of globalization.
The first lasted from when Columbus set sail, opening trade between the Old World and the New World--until around I would call this era Globalization 1. It shrank the world from a size large to a size medium. Globalization 1.
That is, in Globalization 1. In this era, countries and governments often inspired by religion or imperialism or a combination of both led the way in breaking down walls and knitting the world together, driving global integration.
In Globalization 1.
How can I go global and collaborate with others through my country? The second great era, Globalization 2. This era shrank the world from a size medium to a size small. In Globalization 2. Workflow software: Common web-based standards; software applications "taking" to each other. Open-source: Self-organizing, collaborative communities; the decline of closed, proprietary developments.
Outsourcing: Business suddenly realizing that everything did NOT have to be done in-house.
The World Is Flat 3.0 has been added
The rise of outside specialists, part-timers and home-workers. With the availability of worldwide high-speed communications, knowledge work can be delivered fast from anywhere. Supply-chaining: The development of fast, efficient and effective supply-chains to deliver products from anywhere.
A good example is the rise of Wal-Mart to become the largest company in the world. The rise of Groups and Weblogs.
Digital, mobile, personal, virtual: Everything shaped, manipulated and transmitted by computers and instant communications. The triple convergence Tom Friedman explains that the forces of flatness have resulted in a "triple convergence": The creation of a global, web-enabled playing field that allows multiple forms of collaboration, the sharing of knowledge and work, without regard to distance or geography, and soon even language.
Global companies lose walls, floors and buildings. Employees are now a vast, global pool of specialists, assembled and disassembled according to needs. New opportunities are created for individuals to compete against anyone, anywhere in the world using the new, "flat" rules.
Its essential message is that "flattening" is progress. While this certainly poses a threat to historical U. What America, and new century economies need are better education, pervasive high-speed broadband connections, and more globally aware government policies.
A flat-world platform has emerged which almost anyone and everyone can access. Due to the fact Globalization 3. Previous eras of globalization were very much shaped and influenced by the powerful and affluent Western countries but Globalization 3. Individuals from every corner of the world are going to drive Globalization 3.
Globalization 3. Regardless of whether companies and countries resist change, globalization is gathering momentum. The resulting flattening of the world is making possible all kinds of complex supply chains which are based on value-added services.
It signaled that free-market economies were the way to get ahead rather than trusting state- or centrally-controlled mechanisms.When all of these things suddenly came together around , added Nilekani, they "created a platform where intellectual work, intellectual capital, could be delivered from anywhere. The cheap availability everywhere of software and broadband Internet has leveled the landscape. After joining in some of these discussions, I keep re-reading sections of the book, a lot of which rings true.
Globalization had gone to a whole new level. We take data protection and privacy very seriously.
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New opportunities are created for individuals to compete against anyone, anywhere in the world using the new, "flat" rules. In this series. The triple convergence Tom Friedman explains that the forces of flatness have resulted in a "triple convergence": The creation of a global, web-enabled playing field that allows multiple forms of collaboration, the sharing of knowledge and work, without regard to distance or geography, and soon even language.
Professionally, the recognition that the world was flat was unnerving because I realized that this flattening had been taking place while I was sleeping, and I had missed it.
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