READING FINANCIAL REPORTS FOR DUMMIES PDF
If you're looking at a business with an interest in investing in it, you need to read its financial reports. Of course, when it comes to the annual report, you don't. Editorial Reviews. From the Back Cover. Learn to: Decipher the information in financial reports. The company's quarterly financial statements are considered a good place to start a research when thinking in investing in some company or when monitoring a.
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Reading Financial Statements — What do I need to know? Q. What is the importance of the distinction between current and non-current (or long-term) assets. Reading Financial Reports For Dummies®, 3rd Edition. Published by: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., River Street, Hoboken, NJ , pixia-club.info of financial statement analysis with many astonishing real life examples. This book starts where others stop. Clearly, a must read that brings the reader beyond .
Discover the secrets buried in the 10K document This step-by-step guide to the balance sheet will walk you through each line, explain what everything means, and show you some things to look for when reading financial statements. Spanning over 37 pages, it's like a free college textbook designed completely for new investors that have no background in finance.
Learn to read and understand the balance sheet The income statement is important because you can use it along with the balance sheet to calculate the return you are earning on your investment.
If you are serious about learning financial statements and how financial statement analysis works, you need to read this page step-by-step guide to the income statement So, in Chapter 3, I offer a brief overview of bookkeeping and accounting systems.
You could jump over this chapter, if you must.
CFA Program Curriculum 2018 Level II Volumes 1-6 Box Set
But I recommend at least a quick read. In Chapter 7, I explain that businesses are not in a straitjacket when it comes to deciding which accounting methods to use for recording their revenue and expenses.
They can select from two or more equally acceptable methods for recording certain revenues and expenses. The choice of accounting methods affects the values recorded for assets and liabilities. Part III: Accounting in Managing a Business To start a business and begin operations, its founders must first decide on which legal structure to use.
Chapter 8 explains the legal entities for carrying on business activities. Each has certain advantages and disadvantages, and each is treated differently under the income tax law.
Chapter 9 explains an extraordinarily important topic: designing an accounting report template that serves as a good profit model, one that focuses on the chief variables that drive profit and changes in profit.
A hands-on profit model is essential for decision-making analysis. A manager depends on the profit model to determine the effects of changes in sales prices, sales volume, product costs, and the other fundamental factors that drive profit.
Financial Statement Analysis Books
In Chapter 10, I discuss accounting-based planning and control techniques, through the lens of budgeting. Managers in manufacturing businesses should be wary of how product costs are determined, as Chapter 11 explains.
The chapter also explains other economic and accounting cost concepts relevant to business managers. Next I discuss how investors and lenders read financial statements see Chapter Business managers need more information than is included in an external financial report to investors and lenders. In Chapter 14, I survey the additional information that managers need. I close this part of the book with a chapter that explains audits of financial statements by CPAs and the very serious problems of accounting and financial reporting fraud see Chapter If there were no Enrons in the world, things would be a lot simpler.
I hate to say it, but the next Enron is just waiting to happen. Chapter 16 reviews ten important ways business managers should use accounting information. Chapter 17 gives business investors handy tips for getting the most out of reading a financial report — tips on how to be efficient in reading a financial report and the key factors to focus on.
Glossary The accounting terminology in financial statements is a mixed bag. Sometimes it must seem like accountants are speaking a foreign language. I must admit that accountants use jargon more than they should. In some situations accountants resort to arcane terminology to be technically correct, much like lawyers use arcane terminology in filing lawsuits and drawing up contracts. Where I use jargon in the book, I pause and clarify what the terms mean in plain English.
Also, I present a helpful glossary at the end of the book that can assist you on your accounting safari. This glossary provides quick access to succinct definitions of key accounting and financial terms, with relevant commentary and an occasional editorial remark. This is better than your average glossary. Introduction Icons Used in This Book This icon points out especially important ideas and accounting concepts that are particularly deserving of your attention.
5 Tips For Reading A Balance Sheet
The material marked by this icon describes concepts that are the undergirding and building blocks of accounting — concepts that you should be very clear about and that clarify your understanding of accounting principles in general. I use this icon sparingly; it refers to very specialized accounting stuff that is heavy going, which only a CPA could get really excited about.
However, you may find these topics important enough to return to when you have the time. Feel free to skip over these points the first time through and stay with the main discussion. This icon calls your attention to useful advice on practical financial topics. It saves you the cost of buying a yellow highlighter pen. This icon is like a caution sign that warns you about speed bumps and potholes on the accounting highway.
Taking special note of this material can steer you around a financial road hazard and keep you from blowing a fiscal tire. In short — watch out! You might start with Chapters 4, 5, and 6 which explain the three primary financial statements of businesses, and finish with Chapter 13 on reading a financial report.
You might jump right into Chapters 9 and 10, which explain the analysis of profit behavior and budgeting cash flows. The book is not like a five-course dinner in which you have to eat in the order the food is served to you. In this part, you find out why. Accounting is equally vital in managing the business affairs of not-forprofit and governmental entities.
From its accounting records, a business prepares its financial statements, its tax returns, and the reports to its managers. In financial reports to investors and lenders, a business must obey authoritative accounting and financial reporting standards. If not, its financial reports would be misleading and possibly fraudulent, which could have dire consequences. Bookkeeping — the record-keeping part of accounting — must be done well to ensure that the financial information of a business is timely, complete, accurate, and reliable — especially the numbers reported in its financial statements and tax returns.
Wrong numbers in financial reports and tax returns can cause all sorts of trouble. A ccounting is all about financial information — capturing it, recording it, configuring it, analyzing it, and reporting it to persons who use it.
But I talk a lot about how accountants communicate information in financial statements, and I explain the valuation methods accountants use — ranging from measuring profit and loss to putting values on assets and liabilities of businesses.
As you go through life, you come face to face with accounting information more than you would ever imagine.
Accounting information is presented on the assumption that you have a basic familiarity with the vocabulary of accounting and the accounting methods used to generate the information. In short, most of the accounting information you encounter is not transparent. The main reason for studying accounting is to learn its vocabulary and valuation methods, so you can make more intelligent use of the information. The purpose of this book is to make you a knowledgeable spectator of the accounting game.
Let me point out another reason you should know accounting basics — I call it the defensive reason. A lot of people out there in the cold, cruel financial world may take advantage of you, not necessarily by illegal means but by withholding key information and by diverting your attention from unfavorable aspects of certain financial decisions. These unscrupulous characters treat you as a lamb waiting to be fleeced. Accounting Is Not Just for Accountants One main source of accounting information is in the form of financial statements that are packaged with other information in a financial report.
Accountants keep the books and record the financial activities of an entity such as a business. From these detailed records the accountant prepares financial statements that summarize the results of the activities.
Financial statements are sent to people who have a stake in the outcomes of the activities.
If you own stock in General Electric, for example, or you have money in a mutual fund, you receive regular financial reports. If you invest your hard-earned money in a private business or a real estate venture, or you save money in a credit union, you receive regular financial reports.
Reading The Balance Sheet
In summary, one important reason for studying accounting is to make sense of the financial statements in the financial reports you get. I guarantee that Warren Buffett knows accounting and how to read financial statements. Affecting both insiders and outsiders People who need to know accounting fall into two broad groups: insiders and outsiders.
Business managers are insiders; they have the authority and responsibility to run a business. They need a good understanding of accounting terms and the methods used to measure profit and put values on assets and liabilities.
Chapter 1: Accounting: The Language of Business, Investing, Finance, and Taxes Accounting information is indispensable for planning and controlling the financial performance and condition of the business. Likewise, administrators of nonprofit and governmental entities need to understand the accounting terminology and measurement methods in their financial statements. The rest of us are outsiders. We are not privy to the day-to-day details of a business or organization.
Therefore, we need to have a good grip on the financial statements included in the financial reports. For all practical purposes, financial reports are the only source of financial information we get directly from a business or other organization. Depreciation is calculated and deducted from most of these assets, which represents the economic cost of the asset over its useful life.
Accounting For Dummies
Learn The Different Liabilities On the other side of the balance sheet equation are the liabilities. These are the financial obligations a company owes to outside parties. Like assets, they can be both current and long-term. Long-term liabilities are debts and other non-debt financial obligations which are due after a period of at least one year from the date of the balance sheet. Current liabilities are the company's liabilities which will come due, or must be paid, within one year.
This includes both shorter-term borrowings, such as accounts payables, along with the current portion of longer-term borrowing, such as the latest interest payment on a year loan.
Learn about Shareholders' Equity Shareholders' equity is the initial amount of money invested into a business.If the main revenue stream of the business is from selling products, the first expense deducted from sales revenue is cost of goods sold, as in this example.
Calculating financial ratios and trends can help you identify potential financial problems that may not be obvious. Remember that balance sheets are snapshots in time. These are the financial obligations a company owes to outside parties. Current liabilities are generally due within a year of the balance sheet date and are listed at the top of the right-hand column and then totaled, followed by a list of long-term liabilities, those obligations that will not become due for more than a year.
At the bottom of the stairs, after deducting all of the expenses, you learn how much the company actually earned or lost during the accounting period. How could we improve this content?
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