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The Old Testament Survey I: A Christ-Centered Approach to Studying Jesus' Bible is intended to survey the message of the Old Testament, both at the individual. The Old Testament Survey II: A Christ-Centered Approach to Studying Jesus' Bible is intended to survey the message of the Old Testament, both at the individual. OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY. GENESIS - MALACHI. DR. BOB UTLEY. Bible Lessons International. TABLE OF CONTENTS. I. A GUIDE TO GOOD BIBLE.

Old Testament Survey Pdf

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The Pentateuch, Joshua, Judges. Old Testament Survey. Introduction. Many Christians shy away from the Old Testament, or look only at a few well known. For many people the Old Testament of the Holy Bible is cloaked in mystery. .. In this course we will survey of all the Old Testament books, emphasizing their. The Bible has two main sections: The Old Testament and The New Testament. The Old In the ninth century A. D., the Old Testament was divided into verses.

Thus, Matthew is addressed primarily to a Jewish audience to show them that this Jesus is the long-awaited Messiah. This is seen in Jesus' genealogy ; the visit of the Magi ; His entry into Jerusalem ; the judgment of the nations ; the often mentioning of the "kingdom of heaven" as is common with the other Gospels, and in the Old Testament fulfillment quotations mentioned previously.

But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. He said to them, "But who do you say that I am?

And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. At this point Jesus began to speak in parables to hide truth from the unresponsive.

From this point on more time is given to His disciples. He is the son of Abraham and David. Thus He is the King who comes offering the kingdom.

The phrase "the king of heaven" occurs some thirty-two times in this Gospel. Further, to show that this Jesus fulfills expectations of the Old Testament, ten times he specifically stresses that what happened in the life of Jesus fulfills the Old Testament.

Further, he uses more Old Testament quotations and allusions than any other book of the New Testament, some times. Outline: Matthew naturally falls into nine discernible sections: I.

Common Phrases and Expressions in English

The Power of the King IV. These associations, especially his association with Peter who was evidently Mark's source of information, gave apostolic authority to Mark's Gospel. Since Peter spoke of him as "Mark, my son," 1 Pet. In addition, he was also a close associate of Paul.

Ryrie writes: He had the rare privilege of accompanying Paul and Barnabas on the first missionary journey but failed to stay with them through the entire trip. Because of this, Paul refused to take him on the second journey, so he went with Barnabas to Cyprus Acts About a dozen years later he was again with Paul Col. His biography proves that one failure in life does not mean the end of usefulness.

Unless one rejects the element of predictive prophecy, clearly shows that Mark was written before A. Ryrie points out: In fact, if Acts must be dated about A. This points to a date in the 50s for Mark. However, many scholars believe that Mark was not written until after Peter died; i.

Mark is addressed primarily to the Roman or Gentile reader. As a result, the genealogy of Jesus is omitted along with the Sermon on the Mount and the condemnations by the religious leaders receive less attention. Also, since Mark presents Jesus as the Worker, the Servant of the Lord, the book focuses on the activity of Christ as a faithful Servant effectively going about His work.

This focus seems evident by Mark's style as seen in his use of the Greek euqus, "immediately, at once," or "then, so then," which occurs some 42 times in this Gospel. Its meaning varies from the sense of immediacy as in , to that of logical order "in due course, then"; cf.

Key Word: Servant, Servant of the Lord. Then Jesus called the crowd with his disciples and said to them, "If anyone wants to come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for me and the gospel will save it. What advantage is it for someone to gain the whole world, yet forfeit his soul?

What can a person give in exchange for his soul? But whoever wants to be great among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first among you must be the slave of all. For even the Son of Man did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many. The pivotal event that brings about the change is the confession of Peter, "You are the Christ the Messiah " This is followed immediately by a warning that they should tell no one, the revelation of His death, the call to discipleship, and the transfiguration.

That faith-inspired response triggers a new phase in both the content and the course of Jesus' ministry. Until this point He has sought to validate His claims as Messiah. But now He begins to fortify His men for His forthcoming suffering and death at the hands of the religious leaders.

The focus is clearly on His ministry to the physical and spiritual needs of others always putting them before His own needs. The key verse, , provides the key for two natural divisions of the Gospel: the Servant's service and the Servant's sacrifice We can divide this into five simple sections: I. The Passion of the Servant in Jerusalem V. The Prosperity of the Servant in Resurrection Luke Author and Title: Both Luke and Acts, which are addressed to Theophilus as a two-volume work, are attributed to Luke, and while Luke is nowhere named as the author of either, a great deal of evidence points to Luke, "the beloved physician" Col.

Significantly, these two books make up about 28 percent of the Greek New Testament. The only places where we find his name in the New Testament are Colossians ; 2 Timothy ; and Philemon It is also believed that Luke referred to himself in the "we" sections of Acts ; ; These "we" sections of Acts show that the author was a close associate and traveling companion of Paul.

Since all but two of Paul's associates are named in the third person, the list can be narrowed to Titus and Luke. By process of elimination, Paul's "dear friend Luke, the doctor" Col , and "fellow worker" Phm 24 becomes the most likely candidate.

His authorship is supported by the uniform testimony of early Christian writings e. Here the apostle states that, of his fellow-workers, Aristarchus, Mark, and John were the only ones who were Jews. This suggest that Epaphras, Luke, and Demas, also mentioned in these verses, were Gentiles, not Jews.

However, suggesting that Luke's Gospel received its final form in Greece and not in Rome, some have suggested A. Theme and Purpose: The purpose of Luke is clearly stated in the prologue of his Gospel. Several things need to be noticed regarding his approach to presenting the gospel: Luke states that his own work was stimulated by the work of others , that he consulted eyewitnesses , and that he sifted and arranged the information under the guidance of the Holy Spirit to instruct Theophilus in the historical reliability of the faith This is a carefully researched and documented writing.

This seems evident from the fact that Luke "translates Aramaic terms with Greek words and explains Jewish customs and geography to make his Gospel more intelligible to his original Greek readership. His perfect human nature as the Son of Man, yet also Son of God, is brought out by the following: 1.

His physical birth with his genealogy traced all the way back to Adam Matthew goes back only to Abraham. His mental development is stressed in His moral and spiritual perfection is also stressed as evidenced at His baptism by the voice of the Father from heaven and by the anointing of the Holy Spirit. Key Word: Jesus, the Son of Man. Key Chapters: Chapter In view of the theme stressed in , the emphasis on 'seeking' in the three parables of chapter 15 the lost sheep, the lost coin, and the lost son makes this a key chapter in Luke's Gospel.

Luke gives the most complete account of Christ's ancestry, birth, and development.

A Christian Survey of the Old Testament (eBook)

He is the ideal Son of Man who identified with the sorrow and plight of sinful man in order to carry our sorrows and offer us the priceless gift of salvation. Jesus alone fulfills the Greek ideal of human perfection. The Authentication by resurrection of the Son of Man Before Men John Author and Title: From early in the second century, church tradition has attributed the fourth Gospel to John the apostle, son of Zebedee and brother of James. Salome, his mother, served Jesus in Galilee and was present at His crucifixion Mark He was not only close to Jesus as one of the Twelve, but he is usually identified as "the beloved disciple" ; , 16; , was one of the inner circle and one of three Christ took with Him to the Mount of Transfiguration Matt.

He was also closely associated with Peter.

Old Testament

After the ascension of Christ, John became one whom Paul identified as the "pillars" of the church Gal. In the strict sense of the term, the fourth Gospel is anonymous. No name of its author is given in the text. This is not surprising because a gospel differs in literary form from an epistle letter. The letters of Paul each begin with his name, which was the normal custom of letter writers in the ancient world.

Old Testament Surveys

None of the human authors of the four Gospels identified himself by name. But that does not mean one cannot know who the authors were.

An author may indirectly reveal himself within the writing, or his work may be well known in tradition as coming from him. Internal evidence supplies the following chain of connections regarding the author of the Fourth Gospel. Mark ; Luke John ; Mark ; ; Since James, John's brother, died in the year A. Putting all of these facts together makes a good case for the author of the Fourth Gospel having been John, one of the sons of a fisherman named Zebedee.

Archeological finds supporting the authenticity of the text of John e. So it is common today to find nonconservative scholars arguing for a date as early as A.

An early date is possible. But this Gospel has been known in the church as the "Fourth" one, and the early church fathers believed that it was written when John was an old man.

Old Testament Survey

Therefore a date between 85 and 95 is best. John , 23 require the passing of some time, with Peter becoming old and John outliving him.

Significantly, this statement of purpose follows Thomas' encounter with the resurrected Savior. If you recall, Thomas had doubted the reality of the resurrection John Immediately after this the Lord appeared to the disciples and addressed Thomas with these words, "Put your finger here, and examine my hands. Extend your hand and put it into my side.

Do not continue in your unbelief, but believe. The fundamental aim of the authors is to introduce the Old Testament in such a way as to "enhance the devotion and obedience of its readers to Scripture and to Scripture's Lord" p.

The authors believe that the Old Testament is inspired, authoritative, and part of the "Holy Scripture" of the Christian church. They also believe that it is incumbent on the believer "to take with full seriousness the historical, cultural. Theological candor like this is, of course. No hidden theological agenda here.

What this means. The second edition differs from the first edition more in terms of style and presentation than in terms of content By making the language and style simpler, sentences shorter. The Hebrew Studies 40 Reviews most obvious change is the move of "The Background" section to the back of the book where "backgrounds" belong.

There are nine maps and at least as many tables or charts outlining things such as Israel's sacred calendar pp. There is also a plethora of boxes highlighting key texts or themes. It is a shame, however, that notes and bibliographies have been moved to the end of the volume for the second edition.

Although the bibliographies have been updated, the discussion in the text does not on the whole reflect the changes that have occurred in Old Testament scholarship since the early 's.

The critical issues dealt with are basically of the "conservative evangelical versus the historical critical" variety. This book is not, however, simply reactionary. If one applies the litmus test of "conservative orthodoxy" then one fmds that the authors do not defend in the R.Note: While class is in session, there will be no chewing of gum, no phone text messaging and cell phones will be on silence or vibrate.

MI: Eerdmans, We can divide this into five simple sections: I. John Stevenson. Though this first Gospel, as with each of the Gospels, never names its author, the universal testimony of the early church is that the apostle Matthew wrote it, and our earliest textual witnesses attribute it to him by giving it the title, "According to Matthew" Kata Matthaion.

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