KALAM E IQBAL URDU PDF
byAllama Muhammad Iqbal. Usage Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative IdentifierKuliyat-e-Iqbalurdu. Identifier-arkark://t5db96t2z. URDU AUDIO BOOK of Kulliyat-e-Iqbal (A Complete Collection of Iqbal's Poetry [ in Urdu language]). Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (died in in. Kulyat e Iqbal Poetry of Allama Muhammad Iqbal in Urdu pdf. Kuliyat e Iqbal book is a collection of 4 top poetry books of Allama Muhammad Iqbal in Urdu.
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Read Book Kulliyat-e-Iqbal Urdu by Allama Iqbal on Rekhta Urdu books library. Navigate to next page by clicking on the book or click the arrows for previous. Kulliyat e Iqbal کلیات اقبال actually vintage Urdu poetry publication by a brilliant poet, philosopher, additionally politician, and also educational, barrister plus. Kulliyat e Iqbal کلیات اقبال is a classic Urdu poetry book by a great poet, philosopher, and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar Doctor .
Iqbal's poetic works are written primarily in Persian rather than Urdu. The poems emphasise the spirit and self from a religious, spiritual perspective.
One has to make a great journey of transformation to realise that divine spirit. He proves by various means that the whole universe obeys the will of the "Self. For him, the aim of life is self-realization and self-knowledge.
He charts the stages through which the "Self" has to pass before finally arriving at its point of perfection, enabling the knower of the "Self" to become a vice-regent of God. In his Rumuz-i-Bekhudi Hints of Selflessness , Iqbal seeks to prove the Islamic way of life is the best code of conduct for a nation's viability. A person must keep his individual characteristics intact, but once this is achieved he should sacrifice his personal ambitions for the needs of the nation.
Man cannot realise the "Self" outside of society. Also in Persian and published in , this group of poems has as its main themes the ideal community,  Islamic ethical and social principles, and the relationship between the individual and society. Although he is true throughout to Islam, Iqbal also recognises the positive analogous aspects of other religions. The Rumuz-i-Bekhudi complements the emphasis on the self in the Asrar-e-Khudi and the two collections are often put in the same volume under the title Asrar-i-Rumuz Hinting Secrets.
It is addressed to the world's Muslims.
Goethe bemoans the West having become too materialistic in outlook, and expects the East will provide a message of hope to resuscitate spiritual values. Iqbal styles his work as a reminder to the West of the importance of morality, religion and civilisation by underlining the need for cultivating feeling, ardour and dynamism. He explains that an individual can never aspire to higher dimensions unless he learns of the nature of spirituality.
Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)/biography
In , he was officially invited to Afghanistan to join the meetings regarding the establishment of Kabul University. In Gulshan-e-Raz-e-Jadeed , Iqbal first poses questions, then answers them with the help of ancient and modern insight, showing how it affects and concerns the world of action.
Bandagi Nama denounces slavery by attempting to explain the spirit behind the fine arts of enslaved societies. Here as in other books, Iqbal insists on remembering the past, doing well in the present and preparing for the future, while emphasising love, enthusiasm and energy to fulfil the ideal life.
Iqbal's work, the Javed Nama Book of Javed is named after and in a manner addressed to his son, who is featured in the poems. It follows the examples of the works of Ibn Arabi and Dante 's The Divine Comedy , through mystical and exaggerated depictions across time.
Iqbal depicts himself as Zinda Rud "A stream full of life" guided by Rumi, "the master," through various heavens and spheres and has the honour of approaching divinity and coming in contact with divine illuminations.
In a passage re-living a historical period, Iqbal condemns the Muslims who were instrumental in the defeat and death of Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula of Bengal and Tipu Sultan of Mysore , respectively, by betraying them for the benefit of the British colonists , and thus delivering their country to the shackles of slavery.
At the end, by addressing his son Javid, he speaks to the young people at large, and provides guidance to the "new generation. His love of the Persian language is evident in his works and poetry.
He says in one of his poems: It was written in three distinct phases of his life. The second set of poems date from —, when Iqbal studied in Europe, and dwell upon the nature of European society , which he emphasised had lost spiritual and religious values.
This inspired Iqbal to write poems on the historical and cultural heritage of Islam and the Muslim community, with a global perspective. Iqbal urges the entire Muslim community, addressed as the Ummah , to define personal, social and political existence by the values and teachings of Islam. Iqbal's works were in Persian for most of his career, but after his works were mainly in Urdu.
His works in this period were often specifically directed at the Muslim masses of India, with an even stronger emphasis on Islam and Muslim spiritual and political reawakening. Published in , the Bal-e-Jibril Wings of Gabriel is considered by many critics as his finest Urdu poetry, and was inspired by his visit to Spain, where he visited the monuments and legacy of the kingdom of the Moors. It consists of ghazals , poems, quatrains , epigrams and carries a strong sense of religious passion.
Again, Iqbal depicts Rumi as a character and an exposition of the mysteries of Islamic laws and Sufi perceptions is given. Iqbal laments the dissension and disunity among the Indian Muslims as well as Muslim nations. Musafir is an account of one of Iqbal's journeys to Afghanistan, in which the Pashtun people are counselled to learn the "secret of Islam" and to "build up the self" within themselves. The first part contains quatrains in Persian, and the second part contains some poems and epigrams in Urdu.
The Persian quatrains convey the impression that the poet is travelling through the Hijaz in his imagination. Profundity of ideas and intensity of passion are the salient features of these short poems. Iqbal's vision of mystical experience is clear in one of his Urdu ghazals, which was written in London during his days of studying there.
Some verses of that ghazal are: The lion who had emerged from the desert and had toppled the Roman Empire is As I am told by the angels, about to get up again from his slumbers.
You the [dwellers] of the West, should know that the world of God is not a shop of yours. Your imagined pure gold is about to lose it standard value as fixed by you.
Your civilization will commit suicide with its own daggers. For a house built on a fragile bark of wood is not longlasting . In these, he revealed his thoughts regarding Persian ideology and Islamic Sufism — in particular, his beliefs that Islamic Sufism activates the searching soul to a superior perception of life.
He also discussed philosophy, God and the meaning of prayer, human spirit and Muslim culture, as well as other political, social and religious problems. Iqbal was invited to Cambridge to participate in a conference in , where he expressed his views, including those on the separation of church and state to participants which included the students of that university: I would like to offer a few pieces of advice to the youngmen who are at present studying at Cambridge.
I advise you to guard against atheism and materialism. The biggest blunder made by Europe was the separation of Church and State. This deprived their culture of moral soul and diverted it to the atheistic materialism. I had twenty-five years ago seen through the drawbacks of this civilization and therefore, had made some prophecies.
They had been delivered by my tongue although I did not quite understand them. This happened in After six or seven years, my prophecies came true, word by word.
The European war of was an outcome of the aforesaid mistakes made by the European nations in the separation of the Church and the State. Iqbal also wrote some poems in Punjabi , such as Piyaara Jedi and Baba Bakri Wala , which he penned in on the occasion of his son Javid's birthday. A collection of his rarely known Punjabi poetry was put on display at the Iqbal Manzil in Sialkot.
Iqbal has been recognised and quoted as " Poet of the East " by academics, institutions and the media. Masoom Yasinzai, described in a seminar addressing a distinguished gathering of educationists and intellectuals that Iqbal is not only a poet of the East, but is a universal poet. Moreover, Iqbal is not restricted to any specific segment of the world community but he is for the entire humanity.
Yet it should also be born in mind that whilst dedicating his Eastern Divan to Goethe, the cultural icon par excellence, Iqbal's Payam-i-Mashriq constituted both a reply as well as a corrective to the Western Divan of Goethe.
For by stylising himself as the representative of the East, Iqbal's endeavour was to talk on equal terms to Goethe as the representative of West. Iqbal's revolutionary works through his poetry awakened the Muslims of the subcontinent.
Iqbal was confident that the Muslims had long been suppressed by the colonial enlargement and growth of the West.
In this concept Iqbal is recognised as the "Poet of the East". So to conclude, let me cite Annemarie Schimmel in Gabriel's Wing who lauds Iqbal's 'unique way of weaving a grand tapestry of thought from eastern and western yarns' p.
The Urdu world is very familiar to Iqbal as the "Poet of the East". The Pakistan government officially named him a " national poet ". Iqbal's "Asrare-i-Khudi" and "Bal-i-Jibreel" are known in Iran, while many scholars in Iran have recognised the importance of Iqbal's poetry in inspiring and sustaining the Iranian Revolution of In his analysis of the Persian poetry of Muhammad Iqbal, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei states that "we have a large number of non-Persian-speaking poets in the history of our literature, but I cannot point out any of them whose poetry possesses the qualities of Iqbal's Persian poetry.
Iqbal was not acquainted with Persian idiom, as he spoke Urdu at home and talked to his friends in Urdu or English. He did not know the rules of Persian prose writing. After the death of Iqbal in , by the early s, Iqbal became known among the intelligentsia of the academic circles of Iran.
He highly praised the work of Iqbal in Persian. In , the Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadeq, a national hero because of his oil nationalisation policy, broadcast a special radio message on Iqbal Day and praised his role in the struggle of the Indian Muslims against British imperialism. At the end of the s, Iranians published the complete works of Persian.
In the s, Iqbal's thesis on Persian philosophy was translated from English to Persian. It is the best example of admiration and appreciation of Iran that they gave him the place of honour in the pantheon of the Persian elegy writers. In , Iran realised Iqbal. Iqbal's verses appeared on the banners and his poetry was recited at meetings of the intellectuals.
Abdulkarim Soroush. His famous book "The reconstruction of religious thought in Islam" has been translated by Dr. Mohammad Masud Noruzi. Key Iranian thinkers and leaders who were influenced by Iqbal's poetry during the rise of the Iranian revolution include Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Ali Shariati , and Abdolkarim Soroush , although much of the revolutionary guard was intimately familiar with numerous verses of Iqbal's body of poetry.
Douglas , who said that Iqbal's beliefs had "universal appeal".
Anikoy wrote:. Others, including Wilfred Cantwell Smith , stated that with Iqbal's anti-capitalist holdings he was 'anti-intellect', because "capitalism fosters intellect".
A view of the conference in West Jerusalem. Iqbal is seen sitting on the extreme right in the first row From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Sharah - Bang e Dara
For other people named Muhammad Iqbal, see Muhammad Iqbal disambiguation. Allama, Sir. Further information: Pakistan Movement. Main article: Works of Muhammad Iqbal. At a party during the 2nd Round Table Conference in London in Allama Iqbal reception given by the National League, London in Muhammad Iqbal bibliography. Urdu portal. Bloomsbury Publishingr. Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 2 March The heritage of world civilizations 9th ed. Pearson Education.
Yearbook of the Goethe Society of India. Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 7 January CS1 maint: The Friday Times. Retrieved 13 September Daily Times. Archived from the original on 6 May The London Gazette Supplement.
Retrieved 24 January Encyclopaedic dictionary of Urdu literature 2 Vols. Global Vision Publishing House.
Sharah - Bang e Dara
Pakistan Today. Retrieved 6 August Oxford remembers the Cam man". Retrieved 9 November Retrieved 7 August Retrieved Chitkara Converts Do Not Make a Nation. APH Publishing. The Political Philosophy of Muhammad Iqbal: Islam and Nationalism in Late Colonial India. Cambridge University Press. Gabriel's wing: Brill Archive.
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Educational thinkers. Atlantic Publisher. Retrieved 2 December A Memoir , Vanguard Books , p. The legacy of Mohammed Iqbal". Saudi Gazette. The News. London Luzac and Company. Retrieved 1 May Tulip in the desert: A selection of the poetry of Muhammad Iqbal.
Hurts and Company, Publishers Ltd. Fifty key figures in Islam. Gabriel's wing. Gabriel's Wing. Nashriyat, pp. Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 4 March Karachi, Pakistan: Oxford University Press. Bright PK. Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 28 May Beyond Belief: Islamic Excursions Among the Converted Peoples.
Sang-e-Meel Publications. Archived from the original on August 4, Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 30 May The Nation. Aamir Shahzad rated it liked it Oct 07, Rabia Saeed rated it liked it Oct 19, Faiza rated it liked it Jun 23, Abdullah Afzal rated it it was amazing Sep 06, Mushahid Khan rated it it was amazing Nov 07, Maya Khan rated it it was amazing Apr 05, Maryam rated it it was amazing Aug 14, Asbab Suleman rated it really liked it May 20, Zahid Afzal rated it it was amazing Jul 28, Waseem added it Aug 21, Umar Anwaar marked it as to-read Feb 14, Crazybaloch marked it as to-read Feb 20, Azfar marked it as to-read Apr 10, Navas marked it as to-read Apr 22, Nilesh added it Jun 11, Adeeb Ansari added it Aug 15, Saneela added it Aug 16, Binte Hawwa marked it as to-read Aug 27, Altaf Raza marked it as to-read Oct 12, Maryam marked it as to-read Jan 12, Mohamed Badreddine marked it as to-read Jan 30, Billal Hossain marked it as to-read Mar 12, KarimZaib marked it as to-read Apr 26, Shabbirkhan marked it as to-read Jul 29, Ramzan marked it as to-read Sep 19, Mohsin Raza marked it as to-read Nov 24, Mobeen added it Jan 02, Abid Ali marked it as to-read Feb 20, Muhammad Riaz marked it as to-read Mar 12, Junaidmd marked it as to-read Mar 18, Farhana marked it as to-read Apr 25, Sonu is currently reading it Apr 30, Muzammal marked it as to-read May 14, Emranul Haque marked it as to-read May 17, TheStrangeWayfarer marked it as to-read Jul 11, Abdul Manan marked it as to-read Nov 09, Waqas Khan added it Nov 11, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
About Muhammad Iqbal. Muhammad Iqbal. There he studied Arabic and philosophy as an undergraduate, then in did an M.
He was appointed to a Readership in Arabic at the Oriental College in Lahore, and over the next few years became well known as a poet, as well as writing his first book in Urdu , The Knowledge of Economics In he travelled to Europe to continue his philosophical studies, first at Cambridge, then at Munich, where he obtained his doctorate with a thesis entitled The Development of Metaphysics in Persia.
From to he was Professor of Arabic at the University of London; during this period he studied for the bar, becoming a barrister in , when he returned to Lahore to practise law.
While practising as an advocate at the Lahore High Court he continued to a part-time academic career as professor of philosophy and English Literature, being appointed Professor of Philosophy at the Government College, Lahore in He was knighted in Despite his law practice, his philosophical work, and his gradual entry into politics, first as a member of the Punjab Legislative Council and later as president of the All India Muslim League, Iqbal was probably best known and respected as a poet.
Nevertheless, his other activities brought him some measure of fame, especially six lectures that he gave at Madras, Osmania University at Hyderabad, and Aligarh, which were later published as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam During the early thirties he travelled extensively in the Middle East and Europe, participating in international political conferences, meeting philosophers and politicians, and writing.The government and public organisations have sponsored the establishment of educational institutions, colleges and schools dedicated to Iqbal, and have established the Iqbal Academy Pakistan to research, teach and preserve his works, literature and philosophy.
Abdulkarim Soroush. Lying is another sin which is classified among the Greater sins. Zarb- e- Kaleem by dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal download. Retrieved 6 August From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Mohamed Badreddine marked it as to-read Jan 30, Mahmud Saba Kashani — His Tarana-e-Hind is a song that is widely used in India as a patriotic song speaking of communal harmony. It was written in three Poetry of Allama Iqbal in urdu english urdu free download.