ANIMAL ENCYCLOPEDIA PDF FILE
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Piper, Ross. Extraordinary animals: an encyclopedia of curious and unusual animals / by Ross Piper. Animal Life Encyclopedia, edited by B. hundred full-page color plates of photo- graphs and original artwork. A larger number of line drawings, maps, graphs. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA. Grzimek, Bernhard. [Tierleben. English]. Grzimek's animal life encyclopedia.— 2nd ed. v. cm.
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time you open the pages of See You At The Top. The dust jacket is different, and to start with "The End" is certainly d Extraordinary Animals: An Encyclopedia. Encyclopedias are tomes of articles and subjects on any and every topic of accumulated, An Encyclopedia of Everything was once just such an inkling, a. PDF: National Geographic Animal Encyclopedia: Animals with take control of your personal information online, without any tradeoffs.
Also notable are works of universal history or sociology from Asharites , al-Tabri , al-Masudi , Tabari 's History of the Prophets and Kings , Ibn Rustah , al-Athir , and Ibn Khaldun , whose Muqadimmah contains cautions regarding trust in written records that remain wholly applicable today.
The enormous encyclopedic work in China of the Four Great Books of Song , compiled by the 11th century AD during the early Song dynasty — , was a massive literary undertaking for the time. The last encyclopedia of the four, the Prime Tortoise of the Record Bureau , amounted to 9. The 'period of the encyclopedists' spanned from the tenth to seventeenth centuries, during which the government of China employed hundreds of scholars to assemble massive encyclopedias.
Some were women, like Hildegard of Bingen and Herrad of Landsberg. Both were written in the middle of the 13th century. This work followed the traditional scheme of liberal arts.
However, Valla added the translation of ancient Greek works on mathematics firstly by Archimedes , newly discovered and translated. The Margarita Philosophica by Gregor Reisch , printed in , was a complete encyclopedia explaining the seven liberal arts. The first work titled in this way was the Encyclopedia orbisque doctrinarum, hoc est omnium artium, scientiarum, ipsius philosophiae index ac divisio written by Johannes Aventinus in Browne structured his encyclopaedia upon the time-honoured scheme of the Renaissance, the so-called 'scale of creation' which ascends through the mineral, vegetable, animal, human, planetary, and cosmological worlds.
Pseudodoxia Epidemica was a European best-seller, translated into French, Dutch, and German as well as Latin it went through no fewer than five editions, each revised and augmented, the last edition appearing in Financial, commercial, legal, and intellectual factors changed the size of encyclopedias.
During the Renaissance , middle classes had more time to read and encyclopedias helped them to learn more. Publishers wanted to increase their output so some countries like Germany started selling books missing alphabetical sections, to publish faster. Also, publishers could not afford all the resources by themselves, so multiple publishers would come together with their resources to create better encyclopedias.
When publishing at the same rate became financially impossible, they turned to subscriptions and serial publications. This was risky for publishers because they had to find people that would pay all upfront or make payments. When this worked, capital would rise and there would be a steady income for encyclopedias. Later, rivalry grew, causing copyright to occur due to weak underdeveloped laws.
Some publishers would copy another publisher's work to produce an encyclopedia faster and cheaper so consumers did not have to pay a lot and they would sell more.
Encyclopedias made it to where middle-class citizens could basically have a small library in their own house. Europeans were becoming more curious about their society around them causing them to revolt against their government.
Chambers, in , followed the earlier lead of John Harris's Lexicon Technicum of and later editions see also below ; this work was by its title and content "A Universal English Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Explaining not only the Terms of Art, but the Arts Themselves". During the 19th and early 20th century, many smaller or less developed languages[ which?
While encyclopedias in larger languages, having large markets that could support a large editorial staff, churned out new volume works in a few years and new editions with brief intervals, such publication plans often spanned a decade or more in smaller languages.
Frequently bought together
Phylum Arthropoda contains insects, spiders and other animals with segmented bodies, like shrimp. Arthropods have their skeletons on the outside of their bodies think of the hard shell of a lobster and other characteristics in common.
Class The third level of classification is class. For example, Phylum Chordata has classes in it like birds, mammals Mammalia and reptiles.
Order The next level, or rank, is order. Orders are smaller groups within the different classes. Lepidoptera is the order of moths and butterflies. Carnivora is the order within Mammalia that has the most diversity in animal size.
Family The fifth rank of classification is family. When you get to this rank, people sometimes disagree about which family an animal belongs to, so you may find that different sources tell you different things. This can even happen with orders. The family for dogs is Canidae. Genus This rank looks like "genius," doesn't it?
It's the second-to-last rank, and a genus may have only one or two animals in it. If animals are in the same genus, they are really closely related. In fact, you may not be able to tell them apart just by looking at them! When we write the name of the genus, we capitalize it and italicize it. For example, the genus of dogs and wolves, too! Species If animals can breed together successfully, they are a species. When an animal is called by its scientific name, then that means it is being identified by its genus and species.
An extensive encyclopedic survey of the animals follows, with special attention given to endangered and vulnerable species. All information is completely up-to-date, with the most recent scientific and conservation data.
Elegant graphics put a broad selection of information at readers' fingertips, including classification information, scientific and common names, distribution maps for all animal groups, conservation panels that focus on threatened species, accurate and detailed anatomical drawings, and illustrations of multiple species.
Each section is color coded for easy identification of animal groups.
Bird Pictures & Facts
Feature pages explore topics of particular interest and provide insights into animal behavior. With its expansive scope, richly detailed information, and inviting design, this will be the ideal reference for a broad range of uses.
George McKay mammals is an independent consultant in conservation biology who lives in Sydney, Australia. He is the editor of Encyclopedia of Biodiversity and Conservation.
Extraordinary Animals: An Encyclopedia of Curious and Unusual
Books Digital Products Journals.Each section is color coded for easy identification of animal groups. Why can't we just put "bear"?
Class The third level of classification is class. So, by the time you get to the species, there is only one animal in the group. If two animals are the same genus, then they must also be the same family, order, class, phylum and kingdom.
National Geographic Animal Encyclopedia
The Uranotheria elephants and their kin and Perissodactyla horses , rhinoceroses , and their kin are examples of orders in which far greater diversity occurred in the late Paleogene and Neogene periods about 30 million to about 3 million years ago than today. The work has chapters in 20 volumes, and is valuable because of the quotes and fragments of texts by other authors that would have been lost had he not collected them. Issue Section:.