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The White Tiger is the debut novel by Indian author Aravind Adiga. It was first published in . In an interview with Aravind Adiga, he talked about how " The White Tiger" was a book about a man's quest for freedom. Balram, the protagonist. The White Tiger book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Introducing a major literary talent, The White Tiger offers a st. Balram Halwai, the narrator of Aravind Adiga's first novel, “The White Tiger,” is a modern Indian hero. In a country inebriated by its newfound.

White Tiger Book

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Balram Halwai, narrator of The White Tiger, is not going to let a lack of education keep him in the dark. He is heading for glory in India's bright. Aravind Adiga's debut novel, The White Tiger, won the Booker prize this (a book that Adiga recognises as a powerful influence on his work). A stunning literary debut critics have likened to Richard Wright's Native Son, The White Tiger follows a darkly comic Bangalore driver through the poverty and.

Specifically Americanization in India has played its role in the plot, since it provides an outlet for Balram to alter his caste.

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Globalization has assisted in the creation of an American atmosphere in India. American Express, Microsoft, all the big American companies have offices there.

The main road is full of shopping malls—each mall has a cinema inside! So if Pinky Madam missed America, this was the best place to bring her". The way things are changing in India now, this place is going to be like America in ten years". From the beginning of his story he knows that in order to rise above his caste he should become an entrepreneur. Although his taxi service is not an international business, Balram plans to keep up with the pace of globalization and change his trade when need be.

Throughout the book, there are references to how Balram is very different from those back in his home environment. He is referred to as the "white tiger" [9] which also happens to be the title of the book.

A white tiger symbolizes power in East Asian cultures, [10] such as in Vietnam. It is also a symbol for freedom and individuality.


Balram is seen as different from those he grew up with. He is the one who got out of the "Darkness" and found his way into the "Light". In an interview with Aravind Adiga, he talked about how "The White Tiger" was a book about a man's quest for freedom.

Climbing up the social ladder, Balram sheds the weights and limits of his past and overcomes the social obstacles that keep him from living life to the fullest that he can.

In the book, Balram talks about how he was in a rooster coop and how he broke free from his coop. The novel is somewhat a memory of his journey to finding his freedom in India's modern day capitalist society.

The book shows a modern day, capitalist Indian society with free market and free business. It also shows how it can create economic division. In India there are social classes and social castes. The novel portrays India's society as very negative towards the lower social caste.

The novel is based on the disparities of two worlds: Balram refers to it as the "Darkness".

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When Balram was asked which caste he was from, he knew that it could ultimately cause a biased stance in his employer and determine the future of his employment. There is definitely a big difference seen in Balram's lower caste from back home and his current higher caste in their lifestyles, habits, and standards of living.

This novel is showing how our economic system today creates socioeconomic gaps that create a big division in society. It limits opportunity, social mobility, health, and other rights and pleasures that should be given to all. There is a big difference in the amount of money spread around in society today and this book is alluding to that fact.

Born in India's overarching darkness of perpetual servanthood and poverty, Balram seeks a life in the light—a life of freedom and financial prosperity. Balram, a man of many names and of strong conviction, is one of the few who are able to escape the Darkness. Unlike the majority of the poor in India, eternally pent up in the Coop, he is willing to sacrifice his family for his own self gain.

His ambition and inner drive propels him to commit murder to achieve freedom. To be one's own man, one must break free from the darkness and live life being able to choose his own path.

While murdering Ashok will result in the resultant murder of his family, the one murder alone is enough to break free from the Darkness. By murdering Ashok, therefore, Balram becomes his own man, free of the chains of servitude and finally able to control his own destiny. According to Balram, there are two different types of people in India. There are those in the light—politicians, businessmen, entrepreneurs, to name a few, who prosper financially and sit at the top of society—and there are those in the Darkness, trapped in lives of poverty and subservience.

To explain this division he uses the metaphor of the Coop: They do not try to get out of the coop.

Roars of anger

The Coop represents life in the Darkness: Balram's family is in the Darkness. While they are supposed to be sweetmakers, or Halweis, they live in poverty. His father works tenuously as a rickshaw puller, and his brother works in the local tea shop. Balram's father implants in him early on this idea of breaking away from the Darkness, and of becoming his own man. He instates in Balram the goal of becoming one of those men who are in the light.

In the eyes of Balram's father, a man should live in the light, free from the grueling life of manual labor and servitude. Balram adopts this goal, and devotes his life towards attaining it. Balram variously describes himself as "a man of action and change," "a thinking man," "an entrepreneur," "a man who sees tomorrow," and a "murderer. How would you describe him?

Balram blames the culture of servitude in India for the stark contrasts between the Light and the Darkness and the antiquated mind set that slows change.

Discuss his rooster coop analogy and the role of religion, the political system, and family life in perpetuating this culture. Discuss Balram's opinion of his master and how it and their relationship evolve. Balram says "where my genuine concern for him ended and where my self-interest began, I could not tell" Where do you think his self-interest begins?

Compare Ashok and his family's actions after Pinky Madam hits a child to Balram's response when his driver does. Were you surprised at the actions of either? How does Ashok and his family's morality compare to Balram's in respect to the accidents, and to other circumstances? Discuss Balram's reasons for the murder: fulfilling his father's wish that his son "live like a man," taking back what Ashok had stolen from him, and breaking out of the rooster coop, among them.

Which ring true to you and which do not? Did you feel Balram was justified in killing Ashok? Discuss the paradox inherent in the fact that in order to live fully as a man, Balram took a man's life. Ours are different. The old ways are a drag on the people of India - [regarding the cremation of his mother and the attempt to move her remains into the Ganges] The mud was holding her back: this big, swelling mound of black ooze.

She was trying to fight the mud; her toes were flexed and resisting; but the mud was sucking her in, sucking her in. It was so thick, and more of it was being created every moment as the river washed into the ghat. Soon she would become part of the black mound and the pale-skinned dog would start licking her.

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And then I understood: this was the real god of Benaras—this black mud of the Ganga into which everything died and decomposed, and was reborn from, and died into again. The same would happen to me when I died and they brought me here. Nothing would be liberated here.

Class is seen as slavery, but how to cast off those chains, even if one sees what is beautiful? The Great Socialist is the only name of a party leader who proclaims his devotion to the working people but who is merely another corrupt politician.

Still, he retains a certain appeal to the proles. That was the positive side of The Great Socialist. Sounds like something with applicability across many nations and cultures. Adiga shows his sharp satirical sense, toward the use of religion in Indian life again and again.

After Balram gains an advantage over another servant, the servant is forced to flee.New Releases. More books from this author: In his childhood, Balram recognizes that he is special.

Balram Halwai, a poor farm boy, hits the big time when he lands a job as a driver and servant for a rich Indian man who has returned to Delhi from America, apparently no small feat for a man who is meant to be a "sweet maker" as his name suggests. But Balram gets his break when a rich man hires him as a chauffeur, and takes him to live in Delhi.

If you're rude to your mother in India, it's a crime as bad as stealing would be here. About The Author.

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