SHIVAJI MAHARAJ HISTORY IN MARATHI PDF
This books explain us history of Shivaji Maharaj in a very simpler and easy language considering all the authentic historical evidences. SHRI CHHATRAPATI SHAHU MAHARAJ,. G. c;s. L.,. G. c. 1. . original Marathi text of Mr. these works c an be c alled a faithful biography of Shivaji, t hat is to. Brief biography of Indian King Chatrapati Shivaji and history of relative period. Copyright: Download as PDF or read online from Scribd. Flag for [MARATHI] Mi Sambhaji Raje Bhosale Boltoy!! Shivaji Maharaj (sabhasad bakhar).
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history was not content with the original Marathi taxt. He went to tbe very . SHIVAJI MAHARAJ, the illustrious founder of the Maratha. Power, deri ved his. Shivaji Bhonsle was an Indian warrior king and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. Shivaji .. In his court, Shivaji replaced Persian, the common courtly language in the region, with Marathi chronicles state that at its height his fleet counted some military ships, though .. "Shivaji Maharaj: Growth of a Symbol". of history and re-shaped out of legend and tradition, and it . are narrated are rooted in facts of history. heroic figure of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj too has.
Having ended his conflict with the Mughals and having a greater ability to respond, in Adilshah sent Afzal Khan , a veteran general, to arrest Shivaji. Before engaging him, the Bijapuri forces desecrated the Tulja Bhavani Temple , holy to Shivaji's family, and the Vithoba temple at Pandharpur , a major pilgrimage site for the Hindus.
After two months, Afzal Khan sent an envoy to Shivaji suggesting the two leaders meet in private outside the fort to parley. The arrangements had dictated that each come armed only with a sword, and attended by one follower. Shivaji, either suspecting Afzal Khan would arrest or attack him,   or secretly planning to attack himself,  wore armour beneath his clothes, concealed a bagh nakh metal "tiger claw" on his left arm, and had a dagger in his right hand.
The captured enemy, both officers and men, were set free and sent back to their homes with money, food and other gifts. Marathas were rewarded accordingly. At that time, Shivaji was encamped at Panhala fort with his forces.
Siddi Jauhar's army besieged Panhala in mid, cutting off supply routes to the fort. During the bombardment of Panhala, Siddi Jahuar purchased grenades from the British at Rajapur to increase his efficacy, and also hired some English artillerymen to bombard the fort, conspicuously flying a flag used by the English. This perceived betrayal angered Shivaji, who in December would exact revenge by plundering the English factory at Rajapur and capturing four of the factors, imprisoning them until mid Baji Prabhu Deshpande was wounded but continued to fight until he heard the sound of cannon fire from Vishalgad,  signalling Shivaji had safely reached the fort, on the evening of 13 July Shivaji offered his assistance to Aurangzeb , the Mughal viceroy of the Deccan and son of the Mughal emperor, in conquering Bijapur in return for formal recognition of his right to the Bijapuri forts and villages under his possession.
Dissatisfied with the Mughal response, and receiving a better offer from Bijapur, he launched a raid into the Mughal Deccan. However, Aurangzeb's countermeasures against Shivaji were interrupted by the rainy season and his battle of succession with his brothers for the Mughal throne following the illness of the emperor Shah Jahan.
Shaista Khan, with his better—equipped and —provisioned army of 80, seized Pune. He also took the nearby fort of Chakan , besieging it for a month and a half before breaching the walls. After gaining access to Khan's compound, the raiders were able to kill some of his wives; Shaista Khan escaped, losing a finger in the melee.
The Mughal commander succeeded in luring away several of Shivaji's key commanders, and many of his cavalrymen, into Mughal service. By mid, with the fortress at Purandar besieged and near capture, Shivaji was forced to come to terms with Jai Singh.
Macromick of Shivaji in Aurangzeb's court in Agra in In , Aurangzeb summoned Shivaji to Agra though some sources instead state Delhi , along with his nine-year-old son Sambhaji. Aurangzeb's plan was to send Shivaji to Kandahar , now in Afghanistan, to consolidate the Mughal empire's northwestern frontier.
Shivaji took offence and stormed out of court,  and was promptly placed under house arrest under the watch of Faulad Khan, Kotwal of Agra. Shivaji's position under house arrest was perilous, as Aurangzeb's court debated whether to kill him or continue to employ him, and Shivaji used his dwindling funds to bribe courtiers to support his case.
Orders came from the emperor to station Shivaji in Kabul , which Shivaji refused. Instead he asked for his forts to be returned and to serve the Mughals as a mansabdar; Aurangzeb rebutted that he must surrender his remaining forts before returning to Mughal service. Shivaji managed to escape from Agra, likely by bribing the guards, though the emperor was never able to ascertain how he escaped despite an investigation. Sambhaji was also restored as a Mughal mansabdar with 5, horses.
Sambhaji was also granted territory in Berar for revenue collection. At that time Aurangzeb became suspicious of the close ties between Shivaji and Mu'azzam, who he thought might usurp his throne, and may even have been receiving bribes from Shivaji. In September , Shivaji sent an ambassador to Bombay, again seeking materiel, this time for the fight against Danda-Rajpuri.
The English had misgivings of the advantages Shivaji would gain from this conquest, but also did not want to lose any chance of receiving compensation for his looting their factories at Rajapur. The English sent Lieutenant Stephen Ustick to treat with Shivaji, but negotiations failed over the issue of the Rajapur indemnity. This second coronation on 24 September had a dual use, mollifying those who still believed that Shivaji was not qualified for the Vedic rites of his first coronation, by performing a less-contestable additional ceremony.
In Shivaji invaded Karnataka with 30, cavalry and 40, infantry, backed by Golkonda artillery and funding. The initially promising negotiations were unsuccessful, so whilst returning to Raigad Shivaji defeated his half-brother's army on 26 November and seized most of his possessions in the Mysore plateau. Venkoji's wife Dipa Bai, whom Shivaji deeply respected, took up new negotiations with Shivaji, and also convinced her husband to distance himself from Muslim advisors.
In the end Shivaji consented to turn over to her and her female descendants many of the properties he had seized, with Venkoji consenting to a number of conditions for the proper administration of the territories and maintenance of Shivaji's future memorial samadhi. Unable to curb this, Shivaji confined his son to Panhala in , only to have the prince escape with his wife and defect to the Mughals for a year.
Sambhaji then returned home, unrepentant, and was again confined to Panhala. Putalabai , the childless eldest of the surviving wives of Shivaji committed sati by jumping into his funeral pyre. Another surviving spouse, Sakwarbai, was not allowed to follow suit because she had a young daughter. On 21 April , ten-year-old Rajaram was installed on the throne. However, Sambhaji took possession of Raigad Fort after killing the commander, and on 18 June acquired control of Raigad, and formally ascended the throne on 20 July.
Soon after his death, in , Aurangzeb launched an offensive in the South to capture territories held by the Marathas: Bijapur and Golkonda. He was successful in obliterating the Sultanates but could not subdue the Marathas after spending 27 years in the Deccan. The period saw the capture, torture, and execution of Sambhaji in , and the Marathas offering strong resistance under the leadership of Sambhaji's successor, Rajaram and then Rajaram's widow Tarabai.
Territories changed hands repeatedly between the Mughals and the Marathas; the conflict ended in defeat for the Mughals in After the latter's death, his successor released Shahu. After a brief power struggle over succession with his aunt Tarabai, Shahu ruled the Maratha Empire from to Early in his reign, he appointed Balaji Vishwanath and later his descendants, as Peshwas prime ministers of the Maratha Empire.
At its peak, the Maratha empire stretched from Tamil Nadu  in the south, to Peshawar modern-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the north, and Bengal. Shivaji continued this Sanskrit promotion, giving his forts names such as Sindhudurg , Prachandgarh, and Suvarndurg. He named the Ashta Pradhan council of ministers according to Sanskrit nomenclature, with terms such as nyaayaadheesha, and senaapati, and commissioned the political treatise Raajya Vyavahaara Kosha.
His Rajpurohit , Keshav Pandit , was himself a Sanskrit scholar and poet. Shivaji's sentiments of inclusivity and tolerance of other religions can be seen in an admonishing letter to Aurangzeb, in which he wrote: Verily, Islam and Hinduism are terms of contrast. They are used by the true Divine Painter for blending the colours and filling in the outlines.
If it is a mosque, the call to prayer is chanted in remembrance of God. If it is a temple, the bells are rung in yearning for God alone. To one side, in , determined to make war against the Portuguese, three Portuguese Catholic priests and a few Christians were killed during Shivaji's raid on Bardes.
Shivaji left the mission untouched, saying "the Frankish Padrys are good men. His strategy rested on leveraging his ground forces, naval forces, and series of forts across his territory. The Maval infantry served as the core of his ground forces reinforced with Telangi musketeers from Karnataka , supported by Maratha cavalry. His artillery was relatively underdeveloped and reliant on European suppliers, further inclining him to a very mobile form of warfare.
He also rebuilt or repaired many forts in advantageous locations. The officers acted jointly and provided mutual checks and balance.
Diamond Publications. Shri Shivbharat. Sadashiv Mahadev Divekar.
V Apte and M. Paranjpe Birth-Date of Shivaji. The Maharashtra Publishing House. Historians and historiography in modern India. Institute of Historical Studies. Jayapalan History of India. A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. Retrieved 19 May Eaton 17 November A Social History of the Deccan, — Eight Indian Lives. Cambridge University Press.
Shivaji Maharaj History In Marathi
History of medieval India. ABD Publishers. Everyday Nationalism: Women of the Hindu Right in India. University of Pennsylvania Press. On Understanding Islam: Selected Studies. Walter de Gruyter. The earliest relevant usage that I myself have found is Hindavi swarajya from , in a letter of Shivaji.
This might mean, Indian independence from foreign rule, rather than Hindu raj in the modern sense. Vijayanagara voices: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Mackenzie A Political or Religious Concept? Religious Studies. Sultans of the South: Arts of India's Deccan Courts, Metropolitan Museum of Art.
The Calling of History: University of Chicago Press.
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Life of Shivaji Maharaj – Founder of the Maratha Empire
Superintendent Government Printing, India. Shivaji the Great Liberator. Prabhat Prakashan. The Marathas —, Part 2, Volume 4. Shivaji and the Maratha Art of War. Vidarbha Samshodhan Mandal. Growth of a Symbol". Economic and Political Weekly. Revenge and Reconciliation. Penguin Books India.
On the ground that Shivaji was merely a Maratha and not a kshatriya by caste, Maharashtra's Brahmins had refused to conduct a sacred coronation. Baviskar; D. Attwood 30 October SAGE Publications. Cashman The Myth of the Lokamanya: Tilak and Mass Politics in Maharashtra. University of California Press. Citizenship, Community and Democracy in India: From Bombay to Maharashtra, c.
Traditions in Motion: Religion and Society in History. Oxford University Press. The State at War in South Asia. University of Nebraska Press. Archival organization and records management in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India.
Published under the authority of the Govt. Vivekananda Rock Memorial Committee. About 50, people witnessed the coronation ceremony and arrangements were made for their boarding and lodging. Medieval India: Society, the Jagirdari Crisis, and the Village. The History of India, A. Shiva Lal Agarwala.
Shivaji was obliged to undergo a second coronation ceremony on 4th October, , on the suggestion of a well-known Tantrik priest, named Nishchal Puri Goswami, who said that Gaga Bhatta had performed the ceremony at an inauspicious hour and neglected to propitiate the spirits adored in the Tantra. That was why, he said, the queen mother Jija Bai had died within twelve days of the ceremony and similar other mishaps had occurred.
Maharashtra Regional Branch Shivaji and swarajya. Orient Longman. The Making of Modern India: From A. The coronation was performed at first according to the Vedic rites, then according to the Tantric. Shivaji was anxious to satisfy all sections of his subjects. There was some doubt about his Kshatriya origin see note at the end of this chapter.
This was of more than academic interest to his contemporaries, especially Brahmans [Brahmins]. Traditionally considered the highest caste in the Hindu social heirarchy. Maharashtra State Gazeteers: Maratha period. Xenophobia in Seventeenth-Century India. Amsterdam University Press. Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute. The Muslim Diaspora Volume 2, — Eastwest Books Madras. Shivaji's and Ekoji's armies met in battle on 26 November , and Ekoji was defeated.
By the treaty he signed, Bangalore and the adjoining areas were given to Shivaji, who then made them over to Ekoji's wife Deepabai to be held by her, with the proviso that Ekoji had to ensure that Shahaji's Memorial was well tended.
Veil, sceptre, and quill: Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library. By June three months after Shivaji's death Rajaram was made a prisoner in the fort of Raigad, along with his mother Soyra Bai and his wife Janki Bai.
Soyra Bai was put to death on charge of conspiracy. A Military History of Britain: Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Group. A History of India.
Volume 2. Penguin Books. The Mughul Empire. State Intervention and Popular Response: Western India in the Nineteenth Century. Popular Prakashan. Journal of the American Oriental Society.
American Oriental Society. Retrieved 27 September Kulkarni 1 July Medieval Maratha Country. Pissurlencar The Portuguese and the Marathas: Translation of Articles of the Late Dr. Pandurang S.
The First Anglo-Maratha War, — A Military Study of Major Battles. From the Death of Shivaji to the Death of Aurangzeb: The Critical Years. Northern Book Centre. Wolpert An Introduction to India. South Asia: A Short History. University of Hawaii Press. Naravane 1 January Forts of Maharashtra.Over the course of his life, Shivaji engaged in both alliances and hostilities with the Mughal Empire , Sultanate of Golkonda , and Sultanate of Bijapur , as well as European colonial powers.
The author has done his best to build this book just on facts. The English had misgivings of the advantages Shivaji would gain from this conquest, but also did not want to lose any chance of receiving compensation for his looting their factories at Rajapur.
Stories of his life form an integral part of the upbringing and identity of the Marathi people. After the ablution, Shivaji bowed before Jijabai and touched her feet. Business Standard. The author has presented Shivaji as he really was, with no embellishments. The State at War in South Asia. Coronation Tercentenary Commemoration Volume. Shivaji was one of the major influences on the revival of nationalism and Hindu culture during a period when centuries of rule by Muslim invaders had induced a condition of apathy and indifference in t Shrimanyogi is a biographical work on the life and the achievements of the great Maratha king, Chatrapathi Shivaji.