SACHIN TENDULKAR LIFE HISTORY PDF
by Sachin Tendulkar AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY OR The story of my experiments with truth The Autobiography of Malcolm X: As Told to Alex Haley. SACHIN. TENDULKAR. Playing It My Way. My Autobiography with Boria Majumdar The right of Sachin Tendulkar to be identified as the Author of the Work. Name: Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar. Born: 24 April , Mumbai. Major Teams: Mumbai, Yorkshire, the history of cricket. In ,. Wisden ranked him the.
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Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar is a former Indian international cricketer and a former captain of the . They were Ramesh's children by his first wife, who died after the birth of her third Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November The right of Sachin Tendulkar to be identified as the Author of the Work has . It seems to me that no autobiography can claim to document every detail of the. PRESS RELEASE. For immediate release. Tuesday 2 September SACHIN TENDULKAR. PLAYING IT MY WAY – My Autobiography. Publication: 6 th.
First, in a bid to inculcate in some of their Indian subjects a version of the Victorian games ethic, the British introduced sporting activities in the schools and mission colleges that they established in the subcontinent. Second, sport was also an integral part of life in the British Indian army and this afforded the opportunity for some Indian soldiers to make a name for them- selves as sportsmen. Third, the need to refute colonial stereotypes about the effeminacy of educated Indians, anxieties about racial decline and a desire to engage in forms of national self-strengthening, all combined to prompt elements within the emergent Indian middle classes to take a new interest in physical culture and sporting activities.
And, coming from the opposite end of the social hierarchy, there was Palwankar Baloo, a Dalit, who was the most famous bowler in India prior to the First World War.
Thus, we have Jamsetji Marker, the Parsi squash player from Bombay, who was the world champion in his sport dur- ing the first decade of the twentieth century.
Likewise, the legendary Gama, an illiterate Muslim wrestler from the Punjab, acquired national and inter- national renown as a fighter in the early twentieth century.
Even though India achieved significant sporting successes in games like hockey, and other pastimes continued to attract a sizeable following among the subaltern classes of the provincial towns and villages, cricketers such as C. Nayudu and Lala Amarnath among others were increasingly the most prominent sporting heroes.
It is against this historical backdrop that we need to set the emergence of Sachin Tendulkar. The career of sporting legends has often been marked by an extraordinary performance at the outset that presages what is to follow. Sachin Tendulkar announced himself with a series of astounding feats that are now an essential part of the folklore of contemporary India.
Indeed, C. Before the end of that year, he became the youngest player to play first-class cricket for the city, known for its competitive and hard-nosed cricket culture, marking his Ranji Trophy debut against Gujarat with an assured century. In November , aged sixteen, he made his international debut at Karachi against Pakistan, becoming in the process the young- est Indian to play Test cricket. Shortly thereafter, he scored his first century against England at Old Trafford, a match-saving performance that marked him out as a special talent on the international stage.
For one, he faced fast bowling with reassuring certitude and confidence. This was significant in a sport where, even after the intro- duction of modern protective equipment, the reputation of batting heroes has crucially depended on their ability and skill in coping with genuine pace. Thus, even though his overall performance in the series was hardly spectacular, the physical cour- age and poise that he displayed against the daunting Pakistani pace attack elicited praise from all quarters.
The unbridled ferocity with which he assailed opposing bowlers also cap- tivated spectators.
In a friendly exhibition match at Peshawar, the teenager launched a breathtaking assault on the great Abdul Qadir, one of the craftiest spin bowlers in the world. The encoun- ter quickly entered cricket folklore when it transpired that Qadir had chal- lenged Tendulkar to demonstrate his prowess; the suitably chastened bowler prophesied that the boy was going to be a fearsome tormentor of bowlers.
His batting in these years was a heady cocktail of risk-taking intent and daring improvisation, frequently in circum- stances where the rest of his team had failed.
Thursday, March 31, 2011
There would be one too many daring shots, and it would all end, suddenly and catastrophically. The swashbuckling boy wonder gradually gave way to a more circumspect elder statesman, prone to ponder- ous bouts of self-denial in the larger team interest.
Moreover, a series of niggling injuries raised the prospect of a tame end to a spectacular career. In , after yet another failure against the touring English side, he was greeted with jeers at his own home ground in Bombay. And when India made an inglorious exit from the World Cup held in the Caribbean the following year, a grow- ing number of critics believed that it was time for Tendulkar to quit.
Fortitude in the face of failure and the quest to reclaim a lost domain are also integral elements of the heroic ideal. In the final stretch of his long car- eer, Tendulkar also fulfilled this requirement in ample measure.
In the three years after the disappointing World Cup, he rediscovered his touch and scored prodigiously in both Test matches and one-day internationals.
But more than the sheer number of runs that he scored, it was the manner in which he did so that was significant. Cricket fans were treated once more to the sight of a rejuvenated Tendulkar batting with the aggressive intent of yore. Two incandescent exhibitions of batsmanship, on the threshold of his third decade in international cricket, stand as testimony to his astonish- ing resurgence as an attacking batsman.
In a one-day international against Australia at Hyderabad in November , he scored an epic as India chased a monumental score of Barely three months later, against South Africa at Gwalior, he became the first batsman to score a double-century in the history of one-day international cricket.
But, as a cricketing hero, Tendulkar will be remembered not so much for the incessant toil that he inflicted on cricket statisticians, as for the sense of enchantment that his wondrous skills induced in those who watched him play.
The revolution in the sport—media relationship triggered by the entry of sat- ellite television into India played a critical role in constituting the star status of leading international players like Tendulkar. Relatedly, the growing reach and popularity of cricket aroused the interest of corporate sponsors keen to market their products and brought money flooding into the game.
These twin developments propelled the commodification of the cricketer as celeb- rity, of whom Tendulkar is the supreme exemplar. Until the s, the bulk of this coverage was in English and catered largely to the metro- politan middle classes. But by the end of the twentieth century, a growing body of mass vernacular literature — newspapers, magazines, pamphlets and books — also came to be devoted to cricket. At another level, however, by closely describing the activities on the field of play and fostering a sense of collective intimacy, radio commentary simultaneously rendered the leading cricketers familiar figures to their listeners.
From the s onwards, cricket became a major cultural spectacle when Doordarshan, the state-owned broadcasting corporation, began to telecast Test matches. Cricket was ideally suited for television for a number of rea- sons: the restricted spatial confines within which the main action took place; the number of pauses and breaks in the play; and the fact that camera tech- nology made it easier to watch the game on screen than in the stadium. It thus turned cricketers into major celebrities by enhancing and intensifying their star appeal.
In the s, the live telecast of cricket matches was restricted to the biggest cities and its audience was relatively small.
Two concurrent developments were responsible for this transformation. Second, the expansion of televi- sion coverage coincided with, and fed off, a new phenomenon that gripped the Indian public: one-day cricket. In India, its impact was relatively muted until a glorious summer day in June , when an unheralded Indian cricket team pulled off a stunning victory over the mighty West Indians in the finals of the World Cup.
Two years later, the Indian team scripted yet another improbable triumph, winning the World Championship of Cricket in Australia. The panjandrums of the Indian cricketing establishment were only too happy to follow where the crowds led them.
Between and , India had played thirteen one-day internationals; in the years between and , however, the figure shot up to It was in this situation that satellite television made its entry into India in Their impact was immediate and radically transformed cricket coverage.
For one, they deepened the hold of cricket in remote towns and rural areas that had previously been lightly touched by it. At the same time, they also repack- aged cricket especially the one-day game as a spectacle in novel ways, ranging from innovative camera angles and slow-motion replays to the role of expert commentators who explained rather than merely described the unfolding action. The sense of visual intimacy engen- dered in viewers by the new technologies, and the modes of presentation that they deployed, consolidated his star status.
The growing popularity of cricket in the s, and the commercial pos- sibilities inherent in this development, made it an increasingly attractive proposition for corporate capital. In turn, the rapid influx of big money into the game turned leading cricketers into marketable commodities. Of course, corporate engagement with Indian cricket was by no means an entirely new development. Indeed, after , when princely support for cricket began to diminish in significance, commercial firms in the public and private sector emerged as the biggest patrons of the game.
But until the s their role was largely restricted to offering secure employment to cricketers with a view to garnering favourable publicity and goodwill for their business.
Simultaneously, leading cricketers such as Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri began to appear in advertisements for a range of products from suits to shaving cream. However, it was only in the s that the structural relationship between cricket and commence was decisively transformed.
The context within which this shift occurred was a momentous one. With the opening up of the Indian economy and its closer integration with the world market, foreign firms began to eye the country as a major growth area for their products.
To this end, they sought to tap into the popular appeal of leading Indian cricketers, who now came to dominate their lavish advertising campaigns. Huge sums of money now began to be proffered for television rights.
A chronic back problem flared up when Pakistan toured India in , with India losing the historic Test at Chepauk despite a gritty century from Tendulkar himself. Tendulkar flew back to India to attend the final rituals of his father, missing the match against Zimbabwe. However, he returned with a bang to the World cup scoring a century unbeaten off balls in his very next match against Kenya in Bristol.
He dedicated this century to his father. When Tendulkar took over as Captain in , it was with huge hopes and expectations. However, by the team was performing poorly. Azharuddin was credited with saying "Nahin jeetega! Chote ki naseeb main jeet nahin hai! It's not in the small one's destiny". Tendulkar, succeeding Azharuddin as captain for his second term, then led India on a tour of Australia, where the visitors were comprehensively beaten by the newly- crowned world champions.
Tendulkar remains an integral part of the Indian team's strategic processes. He is often seen in discussion with the captain, at times actively involved in building strategies.
Former captain Rahul Dravid publicly acknowledged that Tendulkar had been suggesting moves such as the promotion of Irfan Pathan up the batting order which, although only temporary, had an immediate effect on the team's fortunes. Injuries Tendulkar continued his good form in Test cricket in and , with some pivotal performances with both bat and ball. Tendulkar took three wickets on the final day of the famous Kolkata Test against Australia in Tendulkar took the key wickets of Matthew Hayden and Adam Gilchrist, centurions in the previous test.
Tendulkar made runs in 11 matches in the Cricket World Cup, helping India reach the final. While Australia retained the trophy that they had won in , Tendulkar was given the Man of the Tournament award. He followed up the innings with an unbeaten 50 in the second innings of the test and then an unbeaten against Pakistan at Multan in the following series.
The was controversial in that he was stranded prior to reaching his double century as a result of a declaration by Rahul Dravid. In meeting with the press that evening, Tendulkar responded to a question on missing against Pakistan by stating that he was disappointed and that the declaration had taken him by surprise. He played a part in India's victory in Mumbai in that series, though Australia took the series He followed with a run-a-ball 42 in the second one-day international against Pakistan on February 11, , and then a 95 in hostile, seaming conditions on February 13, in Lahore, which set up an Indian victory.
On March 19, , after scoring an unconvincing 1 off 21 balls against England in the first innings of the third Test in his home ground, Wankhede, Tendulkar was booed off the ground by a section of the crowd, the first time that he had ever faced such flak. Tendulkar was to end the three-Test series without a single half-century to his credit, and news of a shoulder operation raised more questions about his longevity.
Tendulkar was operated upon for his injured shoulder. In July , the Board of Control for Cricket in India BCCI announced that Tendulkar had overcome his injury problem following a rehabilitation programme and was available for selection, and he was eventually selected for the next series.
Style of play Tendulkar is ambidextrous: He bats, bowls, and throws with his right hand, but writes with his left hand.
Cricinfo columnist Sambit Bal has described him as the "most wholesome batsman of his time". He appears to show little preference for the slow and low wickets which are typical in India, and has scored many centuries on the hard, bouncy pitches in the Caribbean Islands and Australia. He is also renowned for his picture-perfect straight drive, often completed with no follow-through. Recently, legendary Indian batsman Sunil Gavaskar, in an article he wrote in the AFP, remarked that "it is hard to imagine any player in the history of the game who combines classical technique with raw aggression like the little champion does".
Sir Donald Bradman, the greatest batsman of all time, considered Tendulkar to have a batting style similar to his.
In his biography, it is stated that "Bradman was most taken by Tendulkar's technique, compactness and shot production, and had asked his wife to have a look at Tendulkar, having felt that Tendulkar played like him. Bradman' wife, Jessie, agreed that they did appear similar.
Former Australian cricket team coach John Buchanan voiced his opinion that Tendulkar had become susceptible to the short ball early in his innings because of a lack of footwork. He was affected by a series of injuries since Since then Tendulkar's batting has tended to be less attacking. Explaining this change in his batting style, he has acknowledged that he is batting differently due to that fact that 1 No batsman can bat the same way for the entire length of a long career and 2 He is a senior member of the team now and thus has more responsibility.
During the early part of his career he was a more attacking batsman and frequently scored centuries at close to a run a ball. Ian Chappell, former Australian player, recently remarked that "Tendulkar now, is nothing like the player he was when he was a young bloke". However, during the latest tour of Australia in , Tendulkar displayed glimpses of his attacking style with several masterful innings, dominating attacks in a manner reminiscent of his younger days.
While Tendulkar is not a regular bowler, he is adept at bowling medium pace, leg spin, and off spin with equal ease. He often bowls when two batsmen of the opposite team have been batting together for a long period, as he can often be a useful partnership breaker. With his bowling, he has helped secure an Indian victory on more than one occasion. With a current aggregate of 12, Test runs, he surpassed Brian Lara's previous record tally of 11, runs as the highest run scorer in test matches in the second Test of Australia's tour of India in Mohali.
Throughout his career, he has made a strong impact on Indian cricket and was, at one time, the foundation of most of the team's victories. He was also elected Wisden Cricketer of the Year in and is ranked by the objective scoring method of the Wisden as the second best test batsman and best ODI batsman of all time. Tendulkar has also consistently done well in Cricket World Cups excluding the Cricket World Cup in which India were knocked out after only 3 matches.
Tendulkar has scored over runs in a calendar year in ODIs 7 times, and in one of these years he scored runs, easily the record for the highest number of runs scored by any player in a single calendar year for one day internationals.
Tendulkar is also one of the very few players who are still playing in international cricket from the s.Retrieved 6 April But there was still the business of the One-day Internationals to be negotiated. Steyn Miandad could add only two more the next morning before he became Kapil's three hundred and fiftieth Test victim.
I suppose I got carried away, wanting to take on the bowler. In the second innings Sachin came in at number three with the score reading 77 and this time played deliveries for his innings top score of89 with seven boundaries, the same as in the first innings. Tendulkar made his Test debut against Pakistan in Karachi in November aged 16 years and days. Retired Indian cricket player Sachin Tendulkar is considered one of the greatest batsmen in the history of his sport.
Tendulkar got his first chance to bowl in first-class cricket ; and also took his first catch Manoj Prabhakar for 11 off Nayak's bowling in the second innings. If Tendulkar passed the whole session without getting dismissed, the coach would give him the coin.